The major geographical theorist of the empire was actually a former Swedish prisoner-of-war, taken at the Battle of Poltava in and assigned to Tobolskwhere he associated with Peter's Siberian official, Vasily Tatishchevand was allowed freedom to conduct geographical and anthropological studies in preparation for a future book. The Russians were enthusiastic about the concept, which allowed them to keep their European identity in geography. Tatishchev announced that he had proposed the idea to von Strahlenberg.
The first rebellions against the European imperial system had occurred on the rimlands of Asia at the start of the 20th century: By the s the southern… The name Asia is ancient, and its origin has been variously explained.
The Greeks used it to designate the lands situated to the east of their homeland. When Western explorers reached South and East Asia in early modern times, they extended that label to the whole of the immense landmass. Asia is bounded by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Pacific Ocean to the east, the Indian Ocean to the south, the Red Sea as well as the inland seas of the Atlantic Ocean —the Mediterranean and the Black to the southwest, and Europe to the west.
Asia is separated from North America to the northeast by the Bering Strait and from Australia to the southeast by the seas and straits connecting the Indian and Pacific oceans. The Isthmus of Suez unites Asia with Africaand it is generally agreed that the Suez Canal forms the border between them.
Bowe The land boundary between Asia and Europe is a historical and cultural construct that has been defined variously; only as a matter of agreement is it tied to a specific borderline. The most convenient geographic boundary—one that has been adopted by most geographers—is a line that runs south from the Arctic Ocean along the Ural Mountains and then turns southwest along the Emba River to the northern shore of the Caspian Sea ; west of the Caspian, the boundary follows the Kuma-Manych Depression to the Sea of Azov and the Kerch Strait of the Black Sea.
Thus, the isthmus between the Black and Caspian seas, which culminates in the Caucasus mountain range to the south, is part of Asia. Azov, Sea of Sea of Azov. Sergey Sorokin The total area of Asia, including Asian Russia with the Caucasian isthmus but excluding the island of New Guineaamounts to some 17, square miles 44, square kmroughly one-third of the land surface of Earth.
The islands—including Taiwanthose of Japan and IndonesiaSakhalin and other islands of Asian Russia, Sri LankaCyprusand numerous smaller islands—together constitute 1, square miles 3, square kmabout 7 percent of the total. Although New Guinea is mentioned occasionally in this article, it generally is not considered a part of Asia.
Asia has the highest average elevation of the continents and contains the greatest relative relief. Those physiographic extremes and the overall predominance of mountain belts and plateaus are the result of the collision of tectonic plates. In geologic terms, Asia comprises several very ancient continental platforms and other blocks of land that merged over the eons.
Most of those units had coalesced as a continental landmass by about million years ago, when the core of the Indian subcontinent broke off from Africa and began drifting northeastward to collide with the southern flank of Asia about 50 million to 40 million years ago.
The northeastward movement of the subcontinent continues at about 2. The impact and pressure continue to raise the Plateau of Tibet and the Himalayas. The specific features of the coastline in some areas—especially in the east and southeast—are the result of active volcanism; thermal abrasion of permafrost caused by a combination of the action of breaking waves and thawingas in northeastern Siberia; and coral growth, as in the areas to the south and southeast.
Accreting sandy beaches also occur in many areas, such as along the Bay of Bengal and the Gulf of Thailand. Migration across those barriers has been possible only through mountain passes.
A historical movement of population from the arid zones of Central Asia has followed the mountain passes into the Indian subcontinent. More recent migrations have originated in Chinawith destinations throughout Southeast Asia.
The Korean and Japanese peoples and, to a lesser extent, the Chinese have remained ethnically more homogeneous than the populations of other Asian countries. There is a concentration of population in western Asia as well as great concentrations in the Indian subcontinent and the eastern half of China.
There are also appreciable concentrations in the Pacific borderlands and on the islands, but vast areas of Central and North Asia—whose forbidding climates limit agricultural productivity—have remained sparsely populated.With growing Regional Tourism with domination of Chinese visitors, MasterCard has released Global Destination Cities Index with 10 of 20 are dominated by Asia and Pacific Region Cities and also for the first time a city of a country from Asia (Bangkok) set in the top-ranked with international visitors.
True to the haphazard ambiance of the country, the discovery of India's most ancient civilization literally happened by accident. British engineers in the mid's, busy constructing a railway line between Karachi and Punjab, found ancient, kiln-baked bricks along the path of the track.
Countries such as Russia, China, Japan and India produce products and services that are used by every nation in the world. Asia is also abundant in natural resources. Oil in the Middle East is a major supplier of much of the world's energy.
Geography of Asia reviews geographical concepts of classifying Asia, The Asian countries of Bangladesh, India, Vietnam, Thailand, It does, however, reflect general usage concerning the political geography of Asia.
M49 is updated frequently to reflect changing geopolitical circumstances. The South Asian country of Nepal was the birthplace of the initial Buddha, Siddhartha Gautama, and the subsequent proliferation of Buddhism influenced much of Central, East, South, and Southeast Asia. Parshvanatha, the oldest historical leader of Jainism, was born in South Asia, as was Guru Nanak, the founder of Sikhism.
The ancient diamond shaped country of India, the largest region of the Indian Subcontinent, extends from the Himalayan Mountains in the north and south into the tropical reaches of the Indian Ocean.
With a population of 1,,, ( est), India is the most populous country in the world, and certainly one of the most intriguing.