Not coincidentally, it is also one of the few diseases that remain a threat to First World countries. Largely impacting developing countries where health facilities and systems are weaker, poverty is also resulting in largely curable and preventable diseases from killing millions each year. There are also other issues such as the various cultural and traditional barriers, and social issues and taboos that need to be overcome in some parts of the developing world, for treatments to be made readily accessible. However, a look, for example, at the causes of povertyas described on this web site, would help indicate why these issues are important for developed and wealthy nations alike and what roles and responsibilities they have as well:
To provide quality healthcare services in both traditional and modern medicines ii. To prevent, control, eliminate and eradicate diseases iii.
To rehabilitate and promote healthy living iv. Promote equity, basic rights, dignity, and access to care. Conduct ethically and with honesty and accountability of service provision. Commitment to excellence in service and care.
There are few supportive reports of first Indian-trained physicians and paramedics practising and establishing the western medicine in the kingdom in the early part of the twentieth century, but the Sowa Rigpa or the Traditional medicine, the Tibetan methods of medicine was also being practiced in Bhutan as far as the seventh century.
Today, both Traditional and Allopathic methods of medicine are practiced and implemented in the kingdom without any sense of competition and discrimination. The earliest modern medical service in Bhutan was available in Southern Bhutan when Compounder Khoe was posted at Sarpang, but for all the other towns the services of the local tea garden doctors across the border was used maintaining very good personal relations with them.
A number of licentiate LMF physicians trained in India provided services in Thimphu and Paro independently, in their capacity primarily as royal physicians. Compounder Kinley later D. C Kinley was posted at Kalikhola. In Samchi, Sarbang, Chirang and Sibsoo the local officers had made small dispensaries to meet the health care needs of their people engaging expatriate compounders to start with.
His Late Majesty then commanded the construction of a bedded indigenously architectured hospital at Thimphu, which was completed in Another hospital at Samchi with 10 beds was built engaging Finish Missionary doctors nuns. Thus, by the time planned socio-economic development programme of the country was started in we had two hospitals Thimphu and Samtse and 11 dispensaries at Haa, Paro, Trongsa, Bumthang, Trashigang, Sibsoo, Tsirang, Samdrupjongkhar, Kalikhola and Dagapela.
All of these were staffed by expatriate doctors and nurses, and very few national medical and paramedical personnel. During that time, several paramedics compounders were trained in India and subsequently posted to different dispensaries in the country.
The infrastructure development began with opening of Thimphu Hospital in followed by Samtse, Trashigang, and Gelephu district hospitals.
Some dispensaries were also opened in the 60s, followed by BHUs in early seventies in Trongsa and Bumthang. The real expansion of infrastructure began only in the 80s with emphasis on the Primary Health Care approach, which was propounded at the Alma Ata declaration in to which Bhutan is a signatory.
As of today there are now 28 hospitals, BHUs and Outreach clinics. RIHS was stared in to train Bhutanese paramedical personnel, which is the foundation of the Bhutanese health system. It marked an important step in the development of self-reliance in health manpower for the country, while training of medical personnel continued to rely mostly on neighboring regional medical schools.
Despite the introduction of western medicine, traditional medicine has retained its role in providing health services in Bhutan. Ever since its introduction, sowa rigpa has played a significant role along with spiritual remedies offered by religious institutions.
Sowa Rigpa was recognized as the official medical tradition and was integrated into the health system in It can keep pace with discoveries of the last century without losing valuables indigenous knowledge.This part of the initiativeblog.com web site looks at the impact that diseases have on a global scale.
Many die from easily prevented diseases, but are too poor to afford the medicine, which is increasingly harder to buy as large pharmaceutical companies hide behind patents for profit.
The Federation of Asia and Oceania Perinatal Societies (FAOPS) was established in following the Alma Ata Declaration of , and the first congress held in in Singapore.
Internationale Konferenz über primäre Gesundheitsversorgung, Alma-Ata (UdSSR), 6.– September The Alma-Ata Declaration of emerged as a major milestone of the twentieth century in the field of public health, and it identified primary health care as the key to the attainment of the goal of Health for All.
The following are excerpts from the Declaration: The Conference strongly reaffirms. The Alma-Ata Declaration of emerged as a major milestone of the twentieth century in the field of public health, and it identified primary health care as the key to the attainment of the goal of Health for All.
Status. From to , Almaty was the capital of Kazakh initiativeblog.com to it was the capital of Kazakh SSR. After Kazakhstan became independent in , Almaty continued as the capital until , when Astana was designated a return to the historic capital.