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Academic study of new religious movements "Three basic questions have been paramount in orienting theory and research on NRMs: Gordon Melton argued that "new religious movements" should be defined by the manner in which they are treated by dominant religious and secular forces within a given society.
According to him, NRMs constituted "those religious groups that have been found, from the perspective of the dominant religious community and in the West that is almost always a form of Christianityto be not just different, but unacceptably different. Public fears around Satanism, in particular, came to be known as a distinct phenomenon, the " Satanic Panic.
RichardsonTimothy Miller and Catherine Wessinger argued that the term "cult" had become too laden with negative connotations, and "advocated dropping its use in academia. These include "alternative religious movements" Miller"emergent religions" Ellwood and "marginal religious movements" Harper and Le Beau.
Christian countercult movementAnti-cult movementand Cult There has been opposition to NRMs throughout their history. It is closely associated with evangelical Christianity. Anti-cult movement[ edit ] "The s and s saw the emergence of a number of highly visible new religious movements Real or serious religions, it was felt, should appear in recognizable institutionalized forms, be suitably ancient, and — above all — advocate relatively familiar theological notions and modes of conduct.
Most new religions failed to comply with such standards.
It also encourages members of these groups to leave them, and at times seeking to restrict their freedom of movement. Lifton to apply to the methods employed by Chinese to convert captured U. For instance, in the late s a man in DublinIreland was given a three-year suspended sentence for falsely claiming that he had been drugged, kidnapped, and held captive by members of ISKCON.
New religious movements and cults in popular culture New religious movements and cults have appeared as themes or subjects in literature and popular culturewhile notable representatives of such groups have produced a large body of literary works.
Beginning in the s authors in the English-speaking world began introducing members of "cults" as antagonists. Satanistssects of the Mormon movement, and Thuggees were popular choices.
In the Twentieth century concern for the rights and feelings of religious minorities led authors to most often invent fictional cults for their villains to be members of. Tabloid articles have repeatedly combined the word "cult" with other terms to make their coverage more sensational, thus referring to various new religions as a "sex cult", "evil cult", or "suicide cult".This article aims to extend the scholarly understanding of new religious movements by applying a new conceptual framework to the analysis of a movement in a country which has so far received scant attention in the West for its religious innovations.
The new test will assess a students understanding of an analysis of the new religious movements in the west the methods used by art historians.
com. 6 The life and writings of wh auden Hours an analysis of animal liberation by peter singer Ago. FAITH | LEARNING | COMMUNITY. In the way of Jesus, St Joseph’s Catholic High School aspires to respect and celebrate the dignity of all. Inspired by the life of St Joseph, the school promotes a culture of faith, justice and service.
Fundamentalism, type of militantly conservative religious movement characterized by the advocacy of strict conformity to sacred texts. Once used exclusively to refer to American Protestants who insisted on the inerrancy of the Bible, the term fundamentalism was applied more broadly beginning in the late 20th century to a wide variety of religious movements.
A new religious movement (NRM) is a faith-based community, or ethical, spiritual, or philosophical group of recent origin.
NRMs may be novel in origin or they may be part of a wider religion, such as Christianity, in which case they will be distinct from pre-existing denominations. Scholars. Encyclopedia of Religion and Society Contributors | Introduction | Web Version: NEW RELIGIOUS MOVEMENTS: The term new religious movements (NRMs, sometimes referred to as alternative religious movements, marginal religious movements, or cults) identifies an important but difficult-to-demarcate set of religious entities.