Citizenship of the european union

History[ edit ] EU citizenship was first introduced by the Maastricht Treatyand was extended by the Treaty of Amsterdam. The Treaty of Paris [12] establishing the European Coal and Steel Community established a right to free movement for workers in these industries and the Treaty of Rome [13] provided for the free movement of workers and services. However, the treaty provisions were interpreted by the European Court of Justice not as having a narrow economic purpose, but rather a wider social and economic purpose.

Citizenship of the european union

Search Citizenship of the European Union? Citizenship of the European Union was introduced by the Maastricht Treaty, which was signed inand has been in force since European citizenship is supplementary to national citizenship and affords rights such as the right to vote in European elections, the right to free movement, settlement and employment across the EU, and the right to consular protection from other EU states' embassies when a person's country of citizenship does not maintain an embassy or consulate in the country they need protection in.

EU citizenship as a distinct concept was first introduced by the Maastricht Treaty, and was extended by the Treaty of Amsterdam.

Prior to the Maastricht Treaty, the European Communities treaties provided guarantees for the free movement of economically active persons, but not, generally, for others. The Treaty of Paris establishing the European Coal and Steel Community established a right to free movement for workers in these industries and the Treaty of Rome provided for the free movement of workers and services.

However, the Treaty provisions were interpreted by the European Court of Justice not as having a narrow economic purpose, but rather a wider social and economic purpose.

In Levin, the Court found that the "freedom to take up employment was important, not just as a means towards the creation of a single market for the benefit of the Member State economies, but as a right for the worker to raise her or his standard of living". Under the ECJ caselaw, the rights of free movement of workers applies regardless of the worker's purpose in taking up employment abroad, to both part-time and full-time work, and whether or not the worker required additional financial assistance from the Member State into which he moves.

Since, the ECJ has held that a recipient of service has free movement rights under the treaty and this criterion is easily fulfilled, effectively every national of an EU country within another Member State, whether economically active or not, had a right under Article 12 of the European Community Treaty to non-discrimination even prior to the Maastricht Treaty.

In Martinez Sala, the European Court of Justice held that the citizenship provisions provided substantive free movement rights in addition to those already granted by Union law.

Historically, the main benefits of being a citizen of an EU state has been that of free movement. The free movement also applies to the citizens of European Economic Area states and Switzerland.

News & Articles

However with the creation of EU citizenship, certain political rights came into being. Specifically, the following rights are afforded; Political rights Voting in European elections: Petitioning Parliament and the Ombudsman: Rights of free movement Right to free movement and residence: There is no common EU policy on the acquisition of European citizenship as it is supplementary to national citizenship one cannot be an EU citizen without being a national of a member state.

Article 20 1 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union states that: Every person holding the nationality of a Member State shall be a citizen of the Union. Citizenship of the Union shall be additional to and not replace national citizenship.

Citizenship of the european union

Thus in practice, a member state may withhold EU citizenship from certain groups of citizens — namely some in overseas territories of member states outside the EU.European Union citizenship is additional to national citizenship. EU citizenship affords rights, freedoms and legal protections to all of its citizens.

European Union citizens have the right to free movement, settlement and employment across the EU. European Trade Union Committee for Education. The Annual Growth Survey (AGS) , published on 21 November , sets out the EU’s general economic and social priorities and offers policy guidance to EU governments for the following year.

Citizenship of the european union

The USA promoted the foundation of a centralised European organization that administered and organised the delivery of the massive economic help of the Plan Marshall. Citizenship of the European Union (EU) is afforded to qualifying citizens of European Union member initiativeblog.com was given to the citizens of member states by the Maastricht Treaty, at the same time as the European Community was gaining its own legal initiativeblog.com treaty established a direct legal relationship between that new legal identity and its citizens by establishing a directly elected.

European citizenship is supplementary to national citizenship and affords rights such as the right to vote in European elections, the right to free movement, settlement and employment across the EU, and the right to consular protection from other EU states' embassies. PERMANENT EUROPEAN UNION CITIZENSHIP EU citizens elect the European Parliament and participate in its work, thus exercising treaty rights, enhancing Union democracy, and reinforcing its citizenship. The Single European Act () The road toward the Treaty of the European Union () The Single European Act () The Single European Act, signed in Luxembourg and The Hague and came into force on 1 July , was the first modification of the fundational treaties of the European Communities, that is to say, the Treaty of Paris in and the Treaties of Rome in

The Single European Act () The road toward the Treaty of the European Union () The Single European Act () The Single European Act, signed in Luxembourg and The Hague and came into force on 1 July , was the first modification of the fundational treaties of the European Communities, that is to say, the Treaty of Paris in and the Treaties of Rome in This citizenship allows the Union to distinguish between ‘European citizens’ and foreigners, termed ‘third-country nationals’ in contemporary Eurospeak.

By law, every national of each of the EU’s (still) 28 Member States is a citizen of the Union.

Home - European Trade Union Committee for Education