Antipodean audiences are no doubt disturbed by a slew of recent allegations that members of the Australian and New Zealand special forces were responsible for the unlawful killing of civilians during operations in Afghanistan. The shock delivered to the cultural landscape of these two, geographically-isolated island-nations cannot be understated. But since the incidents in Afghanistan do not seem to have occurred in isolation, it makes sense to look at this kind of individuating behavior as a socialization problem as well.
Search the full text of our books Organizational Reaction to Social Deviance: The Military Case Robert J. And indeed, the types and frequency of sanctioning in the military have changed substantially since World War II.
This study explores differences in how officers and enlisted men are treated, how the different branches of the military have imposed sanctions, and changes in severity and frequency of sanctions during different periods of different wars.
The character of social institutions is known by the nature of rule breakers discovered, or created, within them. About the Author Robert J. After earning his PhD in sociology, he served in the Dept.
He has taught courses in criminology and delinquency at the Sociology Dept. Stevenson has served as an expert witness, consultant and freelance writer.
About the Book This study in criminology, sociology, and the US Military, explores changes in Deviance in the military meaning and production of deviant populations in American military settings since It is designed to highlight the operation of an ethos of control as armed It is designed to highlight the operation of an ethos of control as armed forces and society undergo historically unstable accommodation and conflict.
Propositions from the deviance literature concerning 1 the constancy of punishment, 2 the duration, intensity, and priority of sanctioning, and 3 cohesion and stress are examined in military contexts to discern the changing social control climates therein.
Some sources of the shift are located in the role that risk plays in the system and the function of the officer corps as agents of social control. Grad students in the social sciences are under intense pressure to write articles, and they need data. Organizational Reaction to Social Deviance: The Military Case is jam-packed with hard-to-find data that Sociology departments and research librarians will appreciate.
As the Table of Contents immediately shows, the book provides data on the US military that are both rare and hard to pull together. The page bibliography is particularly valuable as the author set out, as one of his objectives, to define the rather exotic and highly-specialized field of military sociology so as to make it available to deviance researchers and criminologists.
Military institutions require that varying degrees of coercion be used against their members as well as against enemies. On one level, the military is an agent of the state; on another, it imposes demands on citizens who must serve therein. The military also exposes soldiers to the authority of its officers and to certain physical risks.
There is also the possibility that time spent in the soldier role may result in formal sanctions being applied to soldiers if they are identified as There is also the possibility that time spent in the soldier role may result in formal sanctions being applied to soldiers if they are identified as having failed to meet the expectations of their superiors.
In this book I address the problem of social order within the American military. It is an examination of how and when commanders used various sanctions over four decades. As such, it identifies the changing patterns of organizational reaction to deviance and offers an interpretation that these represent the changing social control requirements of a complex organization.
The role officers play in controlling their troops gives meaning to an important part of the institution of soldiering.
This is a study of how such order is imposed. The data used in this study show the different rates at which commanders sought to punish soldiers for shortcomings: That is, rates of organizational reaction to deviance are examined.
There is an unmistakable diminution of controls used against soldiers for offenses other than AWOL and Desertion untiland an unmistakable increase of such actions by commanders thereafter.
This adds valuable information to the overall relation between deviance and sanctioning during the Vietnam War. AWOL and Desertions were clearly coming to compose the bulk of all offenses as the war escalated.The final recommendation is the Air Force should educate its people on normalization of deviance in both Officer and Enlisted Professional Military Education.
Descriptors: military training, air force personnel, military education, military organizations, HUMAN BEHAVIOR, PUBLIC POLICY. Propositions from the deviance literature concerning 1) the constancy of punishment, 2) the duration, intensity, and priority of sanctioning, and 3) cohesion and stress are examined in military contexts to discern the changing social control climates therein.
Social deviance—any behavior that violates a cultural norm—can involve something as major as crime or as minor as consistently and deliberately w. Deviance and the Military Deviance This weeks’ writing assignment is to “discuss how members of a military unit could openly bring themselves to commit murder against some individuals and not feel any sense of deviance or criminal wrongdoing for the act.
Military justice issues have become increasingly salient since 9/ And indeed, the types and frequency of sanctioning in the military have changed substantially since World War II. This study explores differences in how officers and enlisted men are treated, how the different branches of the.
This weeks’ writing assignment is to “discuss how members of a military unit could openly bring themselves to commit murder against some individuals and not feel any sense of deviance or criminal wrongdoing for the act.