A Literature Review Authors and Affiliations: A total of 10 journals pertaining to studies on colour and emotion association were used in this paper. Findings revealed that emotion and mood has a profound effect on the choice of colours.
We examined the perceived negativity and positivity of these emotions in terms of their affective and cognitive components among Korean, Chinese, Canadian, and American students.
Assessing each emotion at the cognitive and affective levels cross-culturally provides a fairly comprehensive picture of the positivity and negativity of emotions. Affective components were rated as more divergent than cognitive components.
Cross-culturally, Americans and Canadians gave higher valence ratings to the salient valence of each emotion, and lower ratings to the non-salient valence of an emotion, compared to Chinese and Koreans.
The results suggest that emotions encompass both positivity and negativity, and there were cross-cultural differences in reported emotions. This paradigm complements existing emotion theories, building on past research and allowing for more parsimonious explanations of cross-cultural research on emotion.
Introduction Emotion is widely studied and investigated in psychological science. It is a construct important for art, literature, and everyday life, and is at the core of the human experience. Traditionally, emotions are categorized dichotomously, as negative or positive, unpleasant or pleasant, activated or deactivated, and so on Plutchik, ; Russell, Dichotomous classifications, however, are difficult to reconcile with certain developments in emotion research.
In this paper, rather than classifying emotions on a single continuum from positive to negative, we argue that each emotion contains some degree of both negativity and positivity.
Further, we employ a cross-cultural paradigm in an effort to highlight the nuances of the positivity and negativity of emotion, as there are several important differences in the affective signature of emotions across cultures.
If this conceptualization is supported, it would facilitate more parsimonious explanations of several findings related to emotion. We investigated the issue with six basic emotions sadness, fear, disgust, anger, surprise, and happiness; Ekman, in a cross-cultural study, involving participants from four different countries South Korea, China, Canada, and the US.
A Brief History of Emotion Classification Emotions have long been an important topic of human interactions and society, and have hence been extensively studied in the field of psychological science. Consequently, emotion researchers have emphasized physiological aspects of emotions, particularly facial expressions Ekman, Although there are cultural differences in display rules for expressing emotion, six basic emotions sadness, fear, disgust, anger, surprise, and happiness have been identified as universal.
This tenet is widely accepted among emotion researchers. In another early attempt to understand emotion, Wundt proposed that all emotions can be described by three dimensions: Later, Schlosberg refined these three dimensions into pleasantness—unpleasantness, attention—rejection, and level of activation.
Dimensional models of emotion are based on the assumption that all emotions involve the same interconnected system for emotion states. Still, the currently dominant models are the two-dimensional models: In most if not all of these models, valence is one important dimension, along which a specific emotion is categorized as positive or negative.
Indeed, the field of scientific studies on emotion has rested and evolved on the assumption that emotions are either positive or negative.See the [[Talk:Culture and positive psychology#Talk:Culture and positive psychology#Major help|talk page]] for details.
|Original Research ARTICLE||Easterners, on the other hand, may be more accepting in their situation, and put more weight on inner life balance. The virtue of harmony appears to be a pillar of Eastern culture.|
|From the SparkNotes Blog||Some aspects of emotion are universal to all cultures, while other aspects differ across cultures.|
and that the pursuit of happiness is common across cultures. Kubokawa and Ottaway's literature review examines how emotions vary across culture, suggesting that applications of positive psychology need . Aversion to happiness across cultures: A review of where and why people are averse to happiness Mohsen Joshanloo*.
emotions. Contrary to this Western view, our survey of some less-studied aspects of various brief review of relevant theoretical and empirical literature on happiness from a variety of cultures and academic disciplines.
We. Emotion and Expression Responses Through Colour: A Literature Review Authors and Affiliations: Jeevamalar Kumarasamy, Faculty of Creative Industries, Universiti Tunku Abdul Rahman (UTAR), No 13, Jalan 13/6, , .
Ekman and his colleagues have found that people in different cultures can identify the six basic emotions: happiness, sadness, anger, fear, surprise, and disgust. The physiological indicators of emotion are similar in people from different cultures.
Both people who can see and people who have been. Whether emotion is universal or social is a recurrent issue in the history of emotion study among psychologists.
Some researchers view emotion as a universal construct, and that a large part of emotional experience is biologically based.
portray all definitions of happiness and well‐being that vary across cultures. A review of the literature shows that cultural differences exist in terms of peoples’ values, emotions, and how.