Policies and practices

In the current context of societal and economic changes within the EU, it is imperative that all the stakeholders join forces to meet our current-day challenges and to firmly turn these challenges into opportunities. The objective is to identify political, economic and societal trends in Europe, to define present-day and imminent societal needs and to offer realistic and pragmatic answers to the challenges ahead. Chaired by Nicolas Vincent, Editorial Co-ordinator and Moderator, who will be moderating the exchanges, two speakers, one from the institutional or political scene and one from the research and technical field, will share their views and initiatives on specific issues in relation to the following three main topics: As these specific sessions will be hosted annually, it will be possible to consider these topics in light of a medium-term vision, to study new trends from one session to the next and to guarantee a regular follow-up.

Policies and practices

This article draws on an earlier article 1 published on Connected Magazine in conjunction with a talk I gave at the Holland Open Software Conference From clockwork to webs of relationships The relation between policy and practice Policy-making has to do with making specific things happen or not happen.

Policy-making has to do with making Policies and practices futures present and sometimes maintaining cherished pasts in the future. Above all, policy-making has to do with changing or constraining practice, in other words, the organised way work or other activities are done.

Effective policy-making requires a clear understanding of the nature of policy and practice as well as the relationship between the two. It is my belief that policy-making is clouded by a series of unchallenged assumptions about what policy can do with practice.

In this article I explore the relationship between the two.

P&G’s policies for business conduct flow from our Purpose, Values, and Principles. Our policies are aspirational statements of the application of our Purpose, Values and Principles to broad, major issues and societal expectations. While P&G competes hard to achieve leadership and business success. and (iii) acts, policies or practices that are unreasonable or discriminatory and that burden or restrict U.S. Commerce. 2 The third category of conduct is most relevant to this investigation. Section defines “discriminatory” to “include, when appropriate, any act, policy, and practice. Looking for policy samples? Do you need sample checklists, procedures, forms, and examples of Human Resources and business tools to manage your workplace to create successful employees? These samples are provided for your personal use in your workplace, not for professional publications.

Policy and practice I will briefly summarise here and complete what I have written elsewhere 2 about the nature of policy and practice. Practice is the organised way in which an individual or a group carries out a particular activity.

Although it may be more or less tightly framed by guidelines or even laws, practice is necessarily the fruit of what individuals do and is largely composed of tacit knowledge rooted in the experience of those individuals and groups.

Practice is difficult to exchange with peers on a large scale because it is context-bound and based on non-formalised knowledge. Policies and practices major difficulty, but also advantage, with practice is its relative resistance to change. Policy is a set of statements about how a particular goal is to be reached.

It seeks to structure and shape specific areas of practice of a large number of people. However only a small amount of practice is dictated by policy.

Policies and practices

Policy is generally formalised in writing, whereas much practice resides in experience. Although policy may be the fruit of wide-scale discussion, it is not based on the tacit understanding of a group like with practice, but is rather a decision of a person or body invested with authority.

That decision is based on such things as underlying values or assumptions, wider concerns, research, study visits, consultation processes but also on chance encounters. The major difficulty with policy is putting it into practice. The mechanisms of policy-making The relationship between policy and practice is largely one-way in our education systems.

Much policy-making is about controlling practice. It is based on the assumption that it is possible to change the way people work by starting from a written statement called policy about what should be done and how it should be done called practice.

Under the laws enforced by EEOC, it is illegal to discriminate against someone (applicant or employee) because of that person's race, color, religion, sex (including gender identity, sexual orientation, and pregnancy), national origin, age (40 or . Policies & practices To maintain a safe and pleasant environment for everyone, the CTA has some basic rules governing behavior on our buses and trains, as well as in CTA facilities (such as train stations and at bus turnarounds, terminals and stops). Mars, Incorporated is committed to making the world a better place. Learn how we exercise transparency in our corporate policies and practices.

In other words, much educational policy-making is based on a mechanistic perspective of change in which policy seeks to dictate practice. The overriding metaphor is that of the machine. A number of axioms govern the mechanistic worldview. These include the fact that the properties and behaviour of the parts of the machine determine the behaviour of the system as a whole.

In other words, the machine is no more than the sum of its parts. The parts of the machine can be treated like discrete objects and are interchangeable. In addition, the functioning of the machine can be understood by studying the workings of its parts.

If that understanding is incomplete, it is sufficient to further divide up the parts into even smaller parts. This process is called analysis. Decisions about the management of the machine rely very heavily on measurement and quantification of the workings of the parts.

Change is linear, predictable and controllable. It results from the application of forces to its parts. Prioritisation One of the major approaches to the relationship between policy and practice — that is symptomatic of the mechanistic approach — is to artificially divide up practice into a number of distinct areas and then to focus on only one of those areas at a time.

This might be called the prioritising approach. One argument in favour of this approach is that it is economical. In addition, this strategy offers what seems a realistic way of handling the complexity of the system. Prioritisation has dominated much of the policy-making associated with the up-take of ICT in education.

The first priority was installing equipment and networks. Then came the need to train teachers and the development of new methods, which in turn was followed by the challenge of online resources.

What are policies and procedures? definition and meaning - initiativeblog.com End-User Support Policies, Practices, and Guidelines Microsoft is dedicated to help provide the most trusted and protected consumer experience on the web.

Although some overlap of priorities occurred and policy-makers were aware of the underlying inter-relationship between the different areas, prioritisation implied treating them as if they could be handled separately. The result was an on-going mismatch between different but closely related areas of practice.

As mentioned above, however, practice cannot be communicated on a large scale because, in packaging it for communication online, it necessarily looses essential information that would be communicated in face-to-face discussion or by observing others work.

There is also a key economic factor:P&G’s policies for business conduct flow from our Purpose, Values, and Principles. Our policies are aspirational statements of the application of our Purpose, Values and Principles to broad, major issues and societal expectations.

While P&G competes hard to achieve leadership and business success. Policies & practices To maintain a safe and pleasant environment for everyone, the CTA has some basic rules governing behavior on our buses and trains, as well as in CTA facilities (such as train stations and at bus turnarounds, terminals and stops).

Mars, Incorporated is committed to making the world a better place. Learn how we exercise transparency in our corporate policies and practices.

Policies and practices

Policies, Practices, and Guidelines Microsoft is dedicated to help provide the most trusted and protected consumer experience on the web.

Therefore, Microsoft has developed various policies, procedures, and adopted several industry best practices to help protect our consumers from abusive, unwanted or malicious email.

Under the laws enforced by EEOC, it is illegal to discriminate against someone (applicant or employee) because of that person's race, color, religion, sex (including gender identity, sexual orientation, and pregnancy), national origin, age (40 or .

Policies & Practices P&G’s policies for business conduct flow from our Purpose, Values, and Principles. Our policies are aspirational statements of the application of our Purpose, Values and Principles to broad, major issues and societal expectations.

Policies, Practices, and Guidelines