In other words, Fish believes that meaning in a text comes from the perception of the reader and their various interpretive communities, or predisposed ideas about the world. This radical suggestion celebrates the fact that every piece of literature has no meaning on its own; the reader holds supremacy as their experience with a text determines its truth. In making this comment, Fish refutes the claim that one reads a text before interpreting.
The Experience of Seventeenth-Century Literature The Authority of Interpretive Communities ,1 where he addresses the important question of the role of institutions, and in particular the literary institution, in the construction of meaning.
Fish points out that his approach differs from the formalist methods primarily through its emphasis on the temporal dimension of the reading process and the creation of meanings. It is not the linguistic system that gives determinacy to the meaning of an utterance but rather the context of the utterance.
Fish offers an anecdote about a student who asked a professor, one of his colleagues, before taking his course: Hirsch imply, first scrutinize an utterance and then give it meaning ITC, We hear an utterance as already embedded within, not prior to determining, a knowledge of its purposes and interests ITC, Fish is effectively applying a wellknown and previously extensively articulated insight to the act of reading.
The same applies to his claim that facts do not exist independently of, or prior to, the interpretations and viewpoints that construct them as such.
The problem here, as Fish effectively acknowledges, is that the text disappears. Whereas for the formalists the text was a stable object, for Fish there is nothing beyond intersubjective agreement, and the text is reduced to merely the area of overlap of subjective responses.
The problem here is that the process of interaction between text and reader is elided: Fish employs a naive notion of objectivity as somehow entirely independent of subjectivity. But philosophers for more than a century have been arguing that objectivity and subjectivity arise in the same, mutually constructive, process.
In this way we could talk about an objectivity which we understood to be constructed but which offered certain markers or foundations for such construction, rather than blandly saying that all objects are of equal status regarding the degree of intersubjective construction that constitutes them.
Fish claims that a formalist analysis is incapable of analyzing an experiential, temporal process.
But his own description of this temporal process is couched in terms that are as Bergson might observe inescapably spatial: Harvard University Press, Hereafter cited as ITC. Columbia University Press, —Fish reveals in his partly biographical essay, "Milton, Interpretive communities.
As a prominent and respected literary theorist, And this, finally, is the critical issue in the contemporary university of which Stanley Fish is a typical representative: sophistry renders truth .
Stanley Fish. HARVARD UNIVERSITY PRESS. Camhil'cI"g'e, Massachusetts. London, England. F/SO. essay entitled "Who Made the Tyger" in which she argued that Is There a Text in This Class?
In this essay Fish provides an Stanley Fish finds that though there is multiple meaning of a sentence Stanley Fish Interpretive Communities EssayIs There a Text in This Class? — Stanley Fish | Harvard University Stanley Fish is one of America's most stimulating literary theorists.
Stanley Fish is one of America's most stimulating literary theorists. In this book, he undertakes a reexamination of some of criticism's most basic assumptions. He penetrates to the core of the modern debate about interpretation, explodes numerous misleading formulations, and offers a proposal for a new way of thinking about the way we read.
of Interpretive Communities in Literary Theory Erie Martha Roberts '06 The Misapplication of Interpretive Communities in Literary Theory solution is Stanley Fish'sconcept ofthe interpretive community.
Itserves a vital purpose, but this purpose is very different from the. Stanley Fish the man Interpretive Communities "Culture fills our minds with assumptions and beliefs that are not only similar, but 'alike in fine detail.' and because of this, individual originality and creativity are convenient fictions or our time".