The Sumerians are thought to have formed the first human civilization in world history. Nomads moved into the fertile land and began to form small villages which slowly grew into large towns. Eventually these cities developed into the civilization of the Sumer. This land is often called the "Cradle of Civilization".
Continue reading for more information on each of these reasons for war. Economic Gain Often wars are caused by one country's wish to take control of another country's wealth. Whatever the other reasons for a war may be, there is almost always an economic motive underlying most conflicts, even if the stated aim of the war is presented to the public as something more noble.
In pre-industrial times, the gains desired by a warring country might be precious materials such as gold and silver, or livestock such as cattle and horses. In modern times, the resources that are hoped to be gained from war take the form of things like oil, minerals, or materials used in manufacturing.
These wars led to the establishment of British colonial rule in India, which gave Britain unrestricted access to exotic and valuable resources native to the Indian continent. A strategic map of central Europe from Territorial Gain A country might decide that it needs more land, either for living space, agricultural use, or other purposes.
Related to buffer zones are proxy wars.
These are conflicts that are fought indirectly between opposing powers in a third country. Each power supports the side which best suits their logistical, military, and economic interests. Proxy wars were particularly common during the Cold War. Serbo-Bulgarian War — Bulgaria and Serbia fought over a small border town after the river creating the border between the countries moved.
Religion Religious conflicts often have very deep roots. They can lie dormant for decades, only to re-emerge in a flash at a later date. Religious wars can often be tied to other reasons for conflict, such as nationalism or revenge for a perceived historical slight in the past.
While different religions fighting against each other can be a cause of war, different sects within a religion for example, Protestant and Catholic, or Sunni and Shiite battling against one another can also instigate war.
The aim of crusaders was to expel Islam and spread Christianity. The wars were fought between the orthodox Catholic and Muslim populations of former Yugoslavia. Second Sudanese Civil War — This ethnoreligious war was caused by the Muslim central government's choice to impose sharia law on non-muslim southerners.
Russian soldiers in ceremonial uniforms. Most military groups have traditions, customs, special dress and awards that provide soldiers with recognition within a wider cultural framework.
Nationalism Nationalism in this context essentially means attempting to prove that your country is superior to another by violent subjugation.
This often takes the form of an invasion. Richard Ned Lebow, Professor of International Political Theory at the Department of War Studies, Kings College London, contends that while other causes of war may be present, nationalism, or spirit, is nearly always a factor.
In his essay " Most wars are not fought for reasons of security or material interests, but instead reflect a nation's spirit ," he writes:Learn what "big history" is and how scholars apply this approach to the story of humanity. Gain new understanding of the complete sweep of human history, across all civilizations and around the world.
THE TABLE OF NATIONS (GENEALOGY OF MANKIND) AND THE ORIGIN OF RACES (HISTORY OF MAN) The history of the races of mankind is a fascinating subject. Biologically, a race is generally thought of as a variety, or subspecies, within a given species. Sumerian Literature and the Bible Prior to the discovery and decipherment of cuneiform script, human beings understood the origins of certain aspects of life in quite a different way.
Writing was thought to have originated in Phoenicia, time-telling in China, schools in Greece, and the first love song in the biblical book of The Song of Solomon.
Cuneiform or Sumero-Akkadian cuneiform, one of the earliest systems of writing, was invented by the Sumerians. It is distinguished by its wedge-shaped marks on clay tablets, made by means of a blunt reed for a stylus.
The name cuneiform itself simply means "wedge shaped".. Emerging in Sumer in the late fourth millennium BC (the Uruk IV period) to convey the Sumerian language, which was a. Scribes were important in both the Sumerian and Aztec cultures because the scribes were the only ones who could write.
This may have been because the job was very time consuming. Since writing was such a complicated system few people mastered this ability. Index of Egyptian History. Egyptian history constitutes an awesome period of time.
Including the Ptolemies, it covers at least three thousand years (c .