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Number of Individuals with Internet Access: Press freedom was a crucial factor in the formation of the American republic, and strict protections for the press were added to the United States Constitution just two years after it was ratified.
European travelers observed the appetite for newspapers among ordinary American citizens and thought it a distinctive characteristic of the early Republic.
Notably, Alexis de Tocqueville devoted large sections of his Democracy in America to his amazement at the amount of information from newspapers available to a common rural farmer.
From its independence from England into the twenty-first century, the U. Toward the end of the twentieth century, however, libel suits and libel law for private persons and corporations was less favorable to newspapers.
Nonetheless, the press enjoyed broad protection that allowed aggressive reporting, including laws that sometimes mandated cooperation from public officials. The federal government and many state governments have passed freedom of information laws that require public meetings to be open and public documents to be available to citizens, including reporters, simply for the asking.
In addition to assisting people in discovering facts, some states have passed laws which shield journalists from being compelled to divulge notes and information about sources, even when ordered to do so by a judge.
Nature of the Audience The U. The United States also enjoys an extremely high per capita income and consumes massive amounts of media in all forms—newspapers and magazines, radio and television, and film documentaries.
Though the United States has no single official language, most of the population speaks English.
There is a large and quickly growing Spanish-speaking minority in the United States, concentrated most visibly in the Southwest, California, and Florida but present in all large cities and in many rural and agricultural areas.
Federal and state laws compel most government documents to be published in a variety of languages. There are many non-English-language newspapers in the United States, published in a host of languages, but their quality and distribution vary widely, and their number has declined substantially since their height in the early s.
The population of the United States grew steadily at a rate of about one percent per year from to The United States includes people who claim nearly every ethnic origin in the world.
Although most Americans can claim some European descent, people of Hispanic origin are the fastest-growing minority group in the United States. Between andthe number of people claiming Hispanic descent grew from 23 million to 32 million. Many legal and illegal Hispanic immigrants, and many citizens of Hispanic descent, speak only Spanish.
The number of African Americans in the United States grew from 29 million to 33 million in that same time period. New York City is the country's media capital and major financial center, although most of the country's movies and television programming comes from Los Angeles.
The Midwest, which includes states in the Mississippi and Ohio River basins, is mainly an agricultural and industrial area. The relatively sparsely populated Great Plains states, most of which share the Missouri River basin, produce most of the country's food. About 80 percent of the country's population lived inside metropolitan areas inwhich comprised about 20 percent of the country's land.
Numbers of Newspapers by Circulation Despite the growing population and affluence of the United States, many newspapers continue to suffer from declining or stagnant circulation. Indaily newspaper circulation reached a low of 0.
Fierce competition from cable channels, network television, radio, and the Internet continues to cut into newspapers' market share and circulation. Although advertising revenues continue to grow, their growth has generally been slow. The boom years of the s reversed this trend to some extent, but the September 11,terrorist attacks on the United States accelerated an already-existing economic slowdown and led to major declines in ad lineage and advertising revenues across the country.
One positive result of the attacks, and the subsequent military response to the attacks by the United States, has been an increase in circulation, in both long-term subscriptions and daily single-copy sales.On August 31, , Congress passed the first Neutrality Act prohibiting the export of “arms, ammunition, and implements of war” from the United States to foreign nations at war and requiring arms manufacturers in the United States to apply for an export license.
List the major events of the European war in and , as well as the administration's response to them. Identify on a blank map the locations of the major events of the war in Europe in and Explain the arguments both for and against Roosevelt's decision in late to extend military aid to Great Britain.
Since the beginning of World War I in , the United States, under President Woodrow Wilson, had maintained strict neutrality, other than providing material assistance to the Allies. Even in May , when a German submarine sank the British ocean liner Lusitania, killing U.S.
citizens out of a total 1, dead, the United States. McD 16, STUDY. PLAY. A major cause of the growth of state and Federal highway systems after World War II was the In the 's, the United States attempted to avoid a repetition of the events leading up to United States involvement in World War I by.
passing a series of neutrality laws. Which series of events leading to World War II. After maintaining neutrality for the first three years of the war, the United States decided to formally enter the First World War on 6 th April Beginning their position with predictable, traditional neutrality when the war broke out in , the United States evaded war in accordance with their long-running central theme in foreign policy, .
The United States of America has been labeled as a young nation, given its actual beginning in the year , when the Declaration of Independence was proclaimed. In reality, the journey these United States have been going through begins before Native Americans were the first inhabitants of this rich land.
Participation in the war · This Week in World War I way for the eventual American entry into World War would cause the United States to abandon its neutrality Influential books and articles of the s put forth the argument that our involvement in World War war, the United States, United States. The Neutrality Acts were passed by the United States Congress in the s, in response to the growing turmoil in Europe and Asia that eventually led to World War II. They were spurred by the growth in isolationism and non-interventionism in the US following its costly involvement in World War I, and sought to ensure that the US . Opposition to United States involvement in the Vietnam War began with demonstrations in against the escalating role of the U.S. military in the Vietnam War and grew into a broad social movement over the ensuing several years. This movement informed and helped shape the vigorous and polarizing debate, primarily in the United States, during the second half of the s and early s on.